Teaching strategies

Active learning may be an ideal teaching method. The core aspect of this strategy involves the use of activities that are introduced in a classroom that promotes student engagement in the learning process [14]. A simple activity such as pausing the lecture to have students work in pairs to clarify their notes can improve short-term and long-term recall [15]. Activities that promote review and contemplation of the learning material among students, for example, are essential for successful learning [16]. Other examples include case-studies, simulations, role-playing, and inquiry-based tasks. Writing can have a positive effect on learning as well [16]. It facilitates students to become aware of the relationships between concepts by requiring them to examine and organize their thinking.

Cooperative and collaborative learning can also be incorporated into active learning activities for improved learning outcomes and promotion of teamwork and interpersonal skills. Since the newly recruited members will most likely be unfamiliar with one another, a cooperative learning activity can also allow the members to get to know each other. Nonetheless, some lecture-based learning will need to be employed as they can be an effective method for teaching new concepts. The participants’ familiarity with lectures from school will facilitate a straightforward transition between school and YPAG classrooms.

Some games and activities developed by existing YPAGs can be found here.


[14] Prince M. Does active learning work? A review of the research. J Eng Educ. 2004;93(3):223-31.
[15] Ruhl KC, Hughes CA, Schloss PJ. Using the Pause Procedure to enhance lecture recall. Teach Educ Spec Educ. 1987;10:14-8.
[16] Linton DL, Pangle WM, Wyatt KH, Powell KN, Sherwood RE. Identifying key features of effective active learning: the effects of writing and peer discussion. CBE Life Sci Educ. 2014;13(3):469-77.

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